|About the Book|
This book describes monotheism in ancient Egypt – the “One, self-begotten, and self-existent God” that can be traced, the author says, to at least 3800 BCE. Initially, the supreme God was Ra but, in time, Osiris, the “king of the underworld and judge of the dead…became the equal and, in certain cases, the superior of Ra, the Sun-god.” Osiris, supported by a polytheistic cast, increasingly takes on the paramount role for ensuring “everlasting life and resurrection” through his judgment of the dead. Eternal life centered on the soul and spirit, leaving the body behind. The practice of mummification, of preserving the body at death and of adding food, tools, and such for an afterlife, is initially puzzling the author notes, but then he concludes that resurrection in the next life takes on a new body form, with the old body serving much like a nurse log, as a seed bed, sprouting from dead bodies, for a new life.As the author notes, the parallel of the Osiris figure with Jesus and Christian theology is clear enough. While the author does not note this, a question is the degree to which Plato’s theological philosophy was influenced by ancient Egypt. There are also interesting parallels in this book with Indian thought.